Basic Pedicure Procedures
NOTE: Photographs of the procedures will be
added as they become available.
To perform a pedicure you will need all of the same files, implements
and tools required to perform a manicure except you will want to replace
the finger bowl with the foot bath. If you are performing this
procedure on yourself, place a large folded terry towel on the floor in
front of you upon which you will set the foot bath after it has been
filled part-way with water. Add a few drops of liquid soap or nail
essential oils or your favorite foot bath/salts to the water and allow
it to disperse.
Place all your implements, files and supplies on a terry towel within
easy reach. You will be following the same type of procedures as
with a manicure, although the files you will use will be a different
grit as the toenails are generally thicker than the fingernails and
require a grit of about 180 to remove length. You will also need
to use your toenail nippers. You may also wish to spray or wipe
your feet with an antiseptic spray prior to starting your pedicure, and
be sure to thoroughly wash your hands.
You may also choose to use some of the same
'optional' products with your pedicure that you used with your manicure.
Compliments of : Creative Nail Design Systems
Spa Pedicures are a favorite among clients because they
are a therapeutic escape in addition to good grooming. The 'Spa'
Pedicure products are derived from botanicals and other natural
ingredients found in the sea. So, sit back and enjoy learning more
about the Spa Pedicure.
You can get started with Spa Pedicures with a small
investment. It's as simple as identifying 6 to 8 square feet in the
salon, getting a small vibrating footbath, two chairs, Spa Pedicure
products, and you're ready to go. You may also choose to spend
a little more money for a mobile whirlpool bath, or you can invest in a
top-of-the-line whirlpool throne.
Before we begin, make sure you are properly
prepared. Disinfect all hard surfaces (True Blue), then wash
your hands with soap and water and sanitize them with an
instant hand sanitizer (Cool Blue).
Make certain your rolling cart is fully stocked
with a disinfection tray, Spa Pedicure products, other pedicuring
products, implements, tools, towels and polishing products.
A successful set-up is well organized and
embellished with your own special touch and creativity; flowers,
music, candles and relaxing low light. (Although not so low you can't
see what you are doing!)
All pedicure clients should have filled out the
consultation form (client profile) covering medical history and other
important information. Remember, you must proceed with caution
if a client is diabetic, calling the client's physician for clearance
if you have any doubts, and never perform a pedicure in an extreme
situation, such as open sores or infections of the foot or leg.
Plan on the service taking around an hour to
complete. This includes a six to seven minute massage per
leg. When you do the service in the salon, complete each step on
all five toes before going on to the next step.
Preparing the Bath
Fill the foot bath with warm water -- this
means under 100° F, or a comfortable Jacuzzi temperature. In a
vibrating unit, use one scoop of Foaming Sea Soak,
then add the water to agitate as it fills to create a
beautiful light foam in the bath. Foaming Sea Soak
is a concentrated seaweed foot soak with a lacy foam and
fresh fragrance that cleanses, sooths and deodorizes. Do not use
Foaming Sea Soak in a whirlpool bath!
Let your client get settled in the chair with
shoes, socks or nylons removed. You may provide a robe if the
client so desires.
Submerge both the client's feet in the warm
water, adding more water if necessary to adjust the temperature to
the client's comfort.
Add one level scoop of Sea Rocks
to the water, agitating with your hand to dissolve and
blend.. Sea Rocks is a
softening, hydrating, aroma therapeutic foot bath treatment that will
add a gentle foam to the water and release the aromatic vapors of Tee
Tree and Eucalyptus Oil into the room.
Soak the clients feet for 5 minutes in the bath
to take full advantage of the softening effects of Rice Bran and
Vitamin E Oils. As they soak, remove your instruments from the
disinfection unit and lay them on a clean, sanitized
As we ease into exfoliation, the success of the
experience depends on creating a balance between invigorating and
tranquility, energy and relaxation.
Begin by placing a clean, sanitized terry towel in
your lap, and remove one foot from the water. Pat the foot dry
and remove the enamel from the toenails.
Smooth one heaping spatula of A.H.A. Sea Scrub
along the bottom of the foot and the heel, avoiding the
sensitive skin on the top. Sea Scrub is
an aromatic scrub designed especially for the feet. Quartz
crystals, natural beach sand, and a marine alpha hydroxy acid complex
work together to effectively exfoliate rough, dry skin. Gently
massage for 2 to 3 minutes, concentrating on areas of extreme dryness,
then rinse and pat dry.
Generously apply Sea Serum to calluses and
dry spots on the bottom of the foot with a gauze or cotton pad.
Sea Serum Intensive A.H.A. Callus Treatment utilizes penetrating
agents to enhance the effectiveness of the alpha hydroxy acid complex
and protective ingredients to soothe sensitive skin. Be sure to
rinse your fingers after each use!
Wrap the foot in a clean terry towel without
removing the Sea Serum, and repeat steps 1 through 4 on the other
Unwrap the first foot and run the Callus Smoother
over all calluses to reduce and smooth. Use a circular motion to
reduce calluses inlayers until the skin is pink and pliable. The
penetration of the Sea Serum will help dead skin come off
easily. Rinse the foot and towel dry.
Do not return the foot to the bath as you use the
Callus Smoother on the other foot. when both feet are clean,
exfoliated, and dry, you are ready to proceed to the next portion of
Begin by placing a dot of C Therapy A.H.A.
Cuticle Eraser on each cuticle of one foot, massaging it in with
your thumb. Gently push back and remove non-living (true)
cuticle from around the proximal and lateral nail folds, staying away
from the eponychium. Because the tissue on toes is more fragile
than that of fingers, any small cut or abrasion can easily become
With your thumb and index fingers, gently pull
back the lateral folds of soft tissue to see where the toenail
trimmer might be required. Use a curette or a small 'spoon' tool
as an extension of your fingers to feel along the lateral nail edge.
Trim the corner of the big toenail at a 45°
angle. Using firm 'balance-point' positioning and holding
the toenail trimmer like scissors - between thumb and middle finger,
leaving the index finger free for balance - slide the tip of the
trimmer under the corner at a 45° angle, so you can see the
trimmer on the other side of the nail. This will assure that you
don't cut soft tissue. Squeeze lightly before cutting, then cut
to remove the entire corner. Make sure you don't leave a hook or
spike behind on the lateral nail edge.
Guide a curette, small spoon tool or orangewood
stick along the lateral nail edge in the direction of nail
growth. Do this on both sides of the nail to remove non-living
tissue and debris. Use a soft, sweeping "C" stroke to
completely clear the entire area of dead tissue build-up.
Use a 240 grit board to smooth and blend the
lateral nail edge to the free edge on both sides. Remember,
all toenails should be rounded off on the corners, NOT square.
Squared off nails turn into ingrown nails, in which the nail actually
grows OUT and into the soft tissue (Onychogryposis).
Refine all edges until they are smooth and even.
Finally, use the 240-grit side of a Koala Buffer
to lightly buff all nail surfaces in the direction of nail growth,
being sure to smooth ridges and thin the surface of thickened nails.
After all five toenails have been pedicured,
rinse the foot in the bath and pat dry.
Using two heaping spatulas of Marine Masque,
cover the entire foot up to the top of the ankle, leaving no bare
spots. Marine Masque is an aroma therapeutic masque created
specifically to soften and hydrate the feet. Enhanced with
hydrating sea extracts, conditioning mineral clays, and soothing
botanicals, it leaves feet feeling soft, moisturized, and cool for
hours. After covering the foot with Marine Masque, wrap it in a
clean, dry terry towel and let this foot rest while you work on the
Pedicure the second foot in the same manner as
Cover the second foot with Marine Masque, wrap
it in a clean, dry terry towel and let this foot rest while you return
to the first foot.
Place the pedicure tools back into the
Unwrap the first foot and completely rinse all
the masque from the foot, using a soft brush or cloth if
needed. Pat dry.
The massage is the highlight of the service for most
clients, It's important to connect with your client through a
Begin by applying about a quarter-size droplet
of Massage Oil to the palm of one hand, then rub your hands
together to evenly distribute the oil to the palms and fingers of both
hands. Use both hands as you begin at the knee and smooth the
oil down to the clients toes, then back up to the knee. Make
sure your entire hand, palm and fingers are touching the client.
Do this several times, until the oil feels evenly distributed.
Massage the calf using Effleurage (long
strokes) with both alternating hands. You should hold the
ankle with one hand as you perform Effleurage with the other up the
front and down the back of the leg. The working hand should
always finish at the ankle and the pressure should be greater going up
toward the heart than softer coming back down. Alternate hands
and repeat a minimum of three times.
Petrissage to the calf with alternating
hands. Petrissage are compression strokes in which you begin at
the ankle with your thumbs on the top of the calf and fingers on the
back, squeezing the calf with alternating hands as you work your way
up to the back of the knee. Use your whole body, rocking gently
left and right. when you have reached the knee, Effleurage back
down to the ankle, gently pulling with both hands. Lean back as
you do this -- you will find it helps your lower back as well!
Do this 2 - 3 times.
Now it's time for a friction massage of the calf,
using circular movements with alternating hands. Hold the ankle
with one hand and, using the heel of the free hand just above the
foot, begin clockwise circular movements moving up to the
knee. Effleurage back down to the ankle and pull gently
with both hands while leaning back. Alternate hands and repeat
as you do this 2 or 3 times. Remember to keep a 'smile' in your
hands as you perform these techniques!
Now that you have massaged the calf, it's time to massage
the foot. Your hands should already be at the ankle, so we
will start with the heel. Reach behind the ankle and pull the
foot toward you. Holding the ankle with one hand, squeeze the
heel with the thumb and forefinger of the working hand. Squeeze
six times, covering the sides of the heel.
Shift to an Effleurage of the foot; if you are seated lower than the
client, put your thumbs on the top of the foot and fingers overlapping
to the bottom side, then pull from the heel to the toes, using the
side edges of your index fingers. Your hands should have full
contact, gripping the foot all the way to the toes. Lean back as
you pull, then do a full hand Effleurage and repeat. So this
three times, working only as deeply as both you and the client feel
If you are seated at the same level as the client, perform this
technique with your fingers on top of the foot and thumbs on the
bottom side, pulling from the heel to the toes using the edges of the
Move on to Petrissage of the foot. If
you are seated lower than the client, place your thumbs on top of the
foot and your fingers on the bottom as you squeeze the entire
underside of the foot, paying special attention to the underside of
the arch. Using the side edges of the thumbs all the way to the
heel of the hand, spread apart the top of the foot.
If you are seated level to the client, place your fingers on the top
of the foot and your thumbs on the bottom as you squeeze the underside
of the foot, then use your fingers on the top of the foot to spread
apart the top of the foot.
Use an Effleurage stroke to reunite before going on to squeeze the
Massage the toes beginning with the big
toe. Squeeze from the base to the tip as if you were milking a
cow :)). Make sure to cover the entire surface of each toe.
The next massage stroke is friction.
Holding your hands on the left and right sides of the foot, rub it
vigorously as if trying to warm it. Make sure your hands and
fingers have full contact with the foot. This should produce a
jiggling effect in the calf. The calf should rock from side to
side; if it doesn't, slow down the friction enough to allow it to do
so. Do this for about thirty seconds, then Effleurage to unite.
Finally, remove any unabsorbed oil from the foot
and leg with a clean terry towel, then wrap the foot in the same
towel to keep it warm as you massage the other foot and leg.
Unwrap, clean and rinse the other foot, then pat
Massage the other foot and leg as you did the
first. Remember, this is the highlight for the client. Take
your time, dedicate six to seven minutes to each leg, and enjoy!
Now, we're to a step you know all about . . .
polishing; however, unlike the hands, with feet, one can get creative in
the process. Remember, maintain a sense of ceremony.
Begin by placing toe separators or decorative
cording between all 10 toes. You may also use rolled or
folded tissues, which can be disposed of after a single use.
Cleanse, sanitize and dehydrate the toenails
of both feet with ScrubFresh One-Step Nail Prep. Saturate a
fiber-free pad with ScrubFresh, then scrub the toenails, making sure
all oil and residue is completely removed. ScrubFresh will
remove all surface oils, moisture and contaminates, temporarily
dehydrate the nail plate and leave behind pathogen fighters to help
prevent infections of the nail plate.
Apply one thin coat of basecoat and allow to
Apply one thin coat of enamel and allow to dry.
Apply a second thin coat of enamel and allow to
Seal and protect with one coat of top
coat. (Super Shiney or Speedy)
Finish the polish application with a thin coat
of polish drier. (Dry and Shine)
Complete the service by placing slippers on the
clients feet. Allow enough time for the polish to completely
'harden' or 'cure' before the client replaces their shoes, socks or
The products mentioned in this 'Spa Pedicure' procedure
are all manufactured by Creative Nail Design Systems, and sold
through professional-only distributor supply houses. If these
particular products are not available in your area, contact Creative
Nail Design Systems for a listing of current professional
distributors. You may already have a pedicure system you enjoy using
in your salon, and this is perfectly all right! Visit the Nail
Links page for a listing of other manufacturers of fine manicuring
and pedicuring systems.
NOTE: If you notice any sudden change in the nail plate or
surrounding skin, please seek the advise of a podiatrist. A true
fungal infection will only respond to the proper medication and
treatment, and it left unattended, may migrate to the other nails as
well. Any disease or disorder than can occur in the fingernails
can also occur in the toenails, although toenail fungus is unlikely to
be transferred from toes to fingers.
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